IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 23: A Basic Tutorial


This book is intended for those who want to learn the basics of SPSS. It can be used as a text in a class or by those working independently. Each chapter has instructions that guide you through a series of problems, as well as graphics showing you what your screen should look like at various steps in the process. There are also exercises at the end of each chapter for further practice and more exercises and teaching modules are on the Teaching Resources page of the Social Science Research and Instructional Center (SSRIC) website.

In order to use the software you will need for this book, you will either have to purchase SPSS or find a computer laboratory in which SPSS has been installed. Most colleges and universities have labs where you can use SPSS. If you purchase a license for SPSS, we suggest you buy the Graduate Pack.

Authors: Individual chapters written, or updated from previous versions of this tutorial, by Linda Fiddler (CSU Bakersfield), John L. Korey (Cal Poly Pomona), Edward E. Nelson (CSU Fresno), and Elizabeth Ness Nelson (CSU Fresno). Edited by Ed Nelson. Contributors to previous editions have also included Nan Chico (CSU East Bay), Laura Hecht (CSU Bakersfield), James Ross (CSU Bakersfield), and Richard A. Shaffer (Cal Poly San Luis Obispo).


Note: each section of the text is available in both MS Word and PDF formats. You can use your browser to download them and, in the case of PDF files, you can open them directly in your browser. Datasets (in SPSS system file [.sav] format), can also be downloaded using your browser. 

Text files:

  • Chapter  1: Getting Started with IBM SPSS for Windows (Edward Nelson) (Word) (PDF)
    • Using Windows
    • Starting IBM SPSS
    • Leaving IBM SPSS
    • Looking at Data
    • A Brief Tour of IBM SPSS
    • Overview of Chapters
  • Chapter 2: Creating a Data File (Elizabeth Nelson) (Word) (PDF)
    • Basic Steps in Creating a Data File
    • Getting Started in IBM SPSS
    • Entering Variable and Value Names and Values
    • Entering the Data
    • Student Survey Questionnaire
    • Appendix 2A – Codebook for Student Questionnaire
    • Appendix 2B – Planning Matrix for Data–entry Exercise
    • Chapter Two Exercises
  • Chapter 3: Transforming Data (Edward Nelson) (Word) (PDF)
    • Recoding Variables
    • Recoding into Different Variables
    • Recoding into the Same Variable
    • Creating New Variables Using Compute
    • Creating New Variables Using If
    • Using Select Cases
    • Weighting
    • Conclusion
    • Chapter Three Exercises
  • Chapter 4: Univariate Statistics (Linda Fiddler) (Word) (PDF)
    • Frequencies
    • Variable Names, Variable Labels, Values, Value Labels, Oh My
    • Descriptives
    • Explore
    • Conclusion
    • UnivariateAnalysis as Your First Step in Analysis
    • Chapter Four Exercises
  • Chapter 5: Cross Tabulations (Edward Nelson) (Word) (PDF)
    • Chapter Five Exercises
  • Chapter 6: Comparing Means (Edward Nelson) (Word) (PDF)
    • Independent-Samples T-Test
    • Paired-Samples T test
    • One-Way Analysis of Variance
    • Conclusion
    • Chapter Six Exercises
  • Chapter 7: Correlation and Regression (John Korey) (Word) (PDF)
    • Correlation
    • Regression
    • Chapter Seven Exercises
  • Chapter 8: Multivariate Analysis (John Korey) (Word) (PDF)
    • Crosstabs Revisited
    • Multiple Regression
    • Chapter Eight Exercises
  • Chapter 9: Presenting Your Data (John Korey) (Word) (PDF)
    • Charts
      • General
      • Bar Charts
      • Box Plots
      • Line Charts
    • Tables
    • Copying and Pasting Charts and Tables to a Document
    • Chapter Nine Exercises
  • Appendices – Codebooks
    • A: Codebook for the 2014 General Social Survey Subset (Word) (PDF)
    • B: Codebook for the Countries Data (Word) (PDF)
  • About the Authors (Word) (PDF)

Data Files 

Last Updated: October 17, 2016